PEI & PEP Publications
Poverty-environment mainstreaming integrates poverty-environment linkages into national development planning processes and their products, such as Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Sustainable Development Goals and growth strategies. It involves establishing the links between poverty and environment – including climate change – and identifying the policies and programmes to bring about better pro-poor environmental management. It is targeted at influencing national plans, budget processes, sector strategies and local level implementation, reflecting the need to integrate the valuable contribution of environmental management to improved livelihoods, increased economic security and income opportunities for the poor.
The Poverty-Environment Initiative captures generic lessons learnt and best practices and produces concrete guidance materials such as handbooks and primers. The following Poverty-Environment Initiative and Poverty Environment Partnership publications, reviews and introductory documents are recommended as references for integration of poverty-environment into planning, budgeting and programmes.
Poverty-Environment Initiative Publications
Articulando la PolÍtica Social y Ambiental para el Desarrollo Sostenible Opciones Prácticas para América Latina y el CaribePublished Date: 26 April 2017
Elaborado en el marco de la iniciativa conjunta Pobreza y Ambiente (PEI) de PNUD - ONU Medio Ambiente, esta publicación identifica puntos de entrada para integrar la sostenibilidad ambiental y objetivos de protección social. Su objetivo es contribuir a una mejora de las herramientas de políticas, brindando ejemplos prácticos de enfoques integrados para la implementación de la Agenda 2030 en América Latina y el Caribe, enfocándose en el nexo entre pobreza y ambiente.
Los instrumentos de política que podrían cumplir con este propósito incluyen sistemas de transferencias monetarias condicionadas; la medicion multidimensional de la pobreza; pagos por servicios ambientales; y programas de seguridad alimentaria y nutriticional. El documento presenta cuatro ejemplos específicos de la región: el Programa Bolsa Verde de Brasil, Alianza Manos al Agua de Colombia, el Sistema Único de Beneficiarios de República Dominicana, y el Proyecto Estrategico de Seguridad Alimentaria de México. El análisis muestra que el avance hacia el desarrollo sostenible va a depender de los esfuerzos que los gobiernos hagan para integrar los objetivos de erradicación de la pobreza y reducción de la desigualdad con objetivos ambientales en la planeación y los programas de desarrollo. El documento resalta ejemplos concretos de herramientas y modelos existentes en América Latina y el Caribe que generan impactos positivos combinados en la reducción de pobreza, la protección social y la sostenibilidad ambiental. Se concluye que:
- La medición multidimensional de la pobreza que incluye variables de vulnerabilidad ambiental mejora la identificación de factores que afectan las privaciones de los hogares, proveyendo la base para un análisis más integrado para la reducción de la pobreza.
- La protección social debe articularse con otras políticas públicas, incluyendo las ambientales, a fin de ser realmente efectiva y sostenible. Así mismo, los programas e iniciativas ambientales deberían incluir un componente pro-pobre para asegurar que las poblaciones marginadas y vulnerables jueguen un papel y tengan acceso igualitario a los recursos naturales.
- Los programas de transferencias monetarias condicionadas pueden integrar acciones ambientales en su diseño, para fomentar esfuerzos de reducción de pobreza que sean simultáneamente ambientalmente sostenibles.
- Los instrumentos de política ambiental, como los pagos por servicios ambientales, pueden mejorar la calidad de vida de las poblaciones rurales e involucrarlas en la protección de servicios ambientales clave
- La inclusión social y la reducción de pobreza deben ser incluidas como metas desde su formulación.
- Los vínculos entre los sistemas de protección social, la seguridad alimentaria y la agricultura sostenible son fundamentales para crear oportunidades para una salida sostenible de la pobreza en las zonas rurales.
- Las políticas de protección social integrales pueden promover la resiliencia al cambio climático y los desastres.
Published Date: 24 May 2016
Seeds of Change: The UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative 2015 Annual Report. For the interactive version of the report please click here: Seeds of Change.
In 2015, the Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) focused technical and financial support in 24 countries, and provided technical advisory services to another 2 as well as to a range of UN and non-UN development partners. The Global Programme is also engaging with countries on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and a transition towards an inclusive green economy. PEI plants seeds and tends progress.
This report presents highlights of our 2015 achievements, as we begin to harvest the fruits of a decade's efforts of integration and mainstreaming environment and climate for poverty reduction and sustainable development.
Published Date: 15 December 2015
Renewable, clean energy and gender equality are preconditions for sustainable development and for tackling climate change. Women’s knowledge, empowerment and collective action are central to finding and building more environmentally sustainable pathways to manage our environment; to adapt to climate change; and to secure access to sustainable energy.
Gender, environment and climate change are cross-cutting issues that need to be addressed simultaneously to achieve sustainable development goals and to address existing inequalities. Although positive changes are emerging, several challenges remain to integrating gender issues more comprehensively into climate and energy policies in Africa, and to linking such policies more closely to programming and budgeting to ensure implementation of those activities.
Recognizing this challange the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) and UN Women have collected their experiences in a new draft working paper 'Empowering Women for Sustainable Energy Solutions to address Climate Change.' The Working Paper draws on the experiences of both organizations and aims to present potential solutions to the implementation challenge of gender-sensitive environment and climate change policies and development programming.Empowering Women for Sustainable Energy Solutions to Address Climate Change
Mainstreaming Environment and Climate for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development: A Handbook to Strengthen Planning and Budgeting ProcessesPublished Date: 30 November 2015
This handbook(English, French and Spanish version) is designed as guidance for policymakers and practitioners to mainstream pro-poor environment and climate concerns into planning, budgeting and monitoring. Mainstreaming is achieved by putting poverty-environment issues at the heart of government—in other words, by taking these issues into mainstream economic decision-making processes, particularly the national and subnational planning and budgeting processes led by ministries of finance, planning and local government,and supported by ministries of environment.
Over the last 10 years, the Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI), a joint programme of the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme, has successfully supported the integration and implementation of pro-poor, environmental sustainability objectives into national,subnational and sectoral development policies, plans and budgets to contribute to poverty alleviation and an inclusive, green economy. The handbook provides guidance and concrete examples from PEI experience in Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, and Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as from other initiatives.Full report (English, low resolution) Full report (English, high resolution) Executive Summary 1. About the Handbook 2. Importance of Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Concerns 3. The Political Economy of Mainstreaming 4. Mainstreaming into National Planning Processes 5. Mainstreaming in Budgeting Processes 6. Mainstreaming into Sector Strategies and Subnational Plans and Budgets 7. Mainstreaming into National Monitoring Processes 8. Managing Private Investment in Nature Resources 9. Lessons Learned Annexes Supplement: Guidance Note on Integrating Environment linked Poverty Concerns into Planning, Budgeting, and Monitoring Process UNDP_UNEP_ PEI_Handbook_French UNDP_-UNEP_PEI_Handbook_-_ Spanish
Published Date: 28 October 2015
Sustaining Resources, Improving Lives highlights the work of the joint UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative in 2014. The Annual Progress Report 2014 features the achievements of the Initiative in each of the major areas of work: coordination across government institutions; cross-sector economic, social and environmental assessments to inform national, local and sectoral policy and planning; supporting fiscal reform; promoting gender equality and social inclusion; South-South cooperation and partnerships; and support to put in place building blocks for implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The report includes figures, infographics and maps.PEI Annual Progress Report 2014
Published Date: 15 October 2015
Women form a large proportion of agricultural labor force in sub-saharan Africa and thus play a vital role in ensuring family nutrition and food security. A new study measuring the economic costs of the gender gap in agricultural productivity in three African countries — Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda — provides further evidence that reducing the gender gap translates into significant poverty reduction and improved nutritional outcomes. The report provides a unique quantification of the costs in terms of lost growth opportunities and an estimate of what societies, economies and communities would gain were the gender gaps in agriculture to be addressed. The report also provides guidance as to the factors that must be targeted in order to close the gender gap by improving opportunities for women farmers. It concludes with a set of general policy recommendations of how women’s empowerment, agriculture productivity and economic growth can be addressed in an integrated manner and thereby contributes to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals at the national level.The Cost of the Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity Costing The Gender Gap Brief Costing The Gender Gap Poster
Published Date: 23 October 2014
The PEI Stories of Change from Asia-Pacific is a booklet capturing the PEI Asia-Pacific experiences of various stakeholders ranging from the government to vulnerable groups in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand. The booklet includes the chapters: Building the future we want: Glimpses of the post-2015 global development agenda; Snapshot: Challenges in Asia and the Pacific; Bangladesh: Systems for channeling climate funds to local governments set up; Bhutan: Insurance scheme secures families from damages caused by human-wildlife conflict; Indonesia: Indonesian government pioneers budget system to track climate change-related expenses; Lao PDR: Environmental and Social Impact Assessments set to promote quality investments in Lao PDR; Mongolia: Mongolia’s development vision turns the spotlight on mining reforms; Myanmar: Setting the foundation to attract quality investments; Nepal: Greening Nepal’s future: Environmentally friendly local governance and green roads; Philippines: Revenues from natural resources help communities lead better lives; and Thailand: Maize standards set the way for sustainable farming in Thailand.
Warning: large file size 9.38 MB
If you are unable to download this document please email us at Facility.UNPEI@unpei.orgStories of Change from Asia Pacific
Published Date: 22 June 2014
During 2013, the UNDP-UNEP PEI built on the results of previous years in strengthening institutions through P-E mainstreaming. The PEI 2013 Annual Progress Report highlights the main achievements in 2013 reflecting a deepening of the ownership in PEI-supported countries. Such ownership is demonstrated by the increasing number of countries that are integrating P-E objectives into sector plans, policies, and monitoring and evaluation systems. This in turn has resulted in growing investments in and budget allocations for P-E objectives and climate change adaptation. The PEI efforts in 2013 reflect a growing recognition among partner countries that the P-E nexus remains a foundational element of greening economies.UNDP-UNEP PEI Annual Progress Report 2013
Published Date: 20 June 2014
The PEI Stories of Change from Africa is a small booklet capturing the PEI Africa experiences of various stakeholders ranging from the government to vulnerable groups in Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mozambique and Rwanda. The booklet includes the chapters; Nine African countries lead the way towards an inclusive green economy; Rwanda greening policies and villages for poverty reduction; Burkina Faso championing the need to invest in sustainable development; Mozambique poverty and environment cuts across sectoral boundaries; and Malawi changes course after analysing the real costs and benefits of policy choices.
Published Date: 20 June 2014
The PEI Brochure provides an overview of the work of PEI, key programme achievements and the future direction of the programme. The PEI scale-up phase 2008-2012 demonstrated significant economic, social and environmental results from integrating poverty and environmental linkages in development policy, planning and budget processes. To strengthen and consolidate the PEI partnership to effectively address increasing demand from developing countries, UNDP and UNEP propose a next phase of PEI (2013-2017) that will focus on meeting the implementation challenge of poverty-environment mainstreaming and achieving positive pro-poor and environmental outcomes in programme countries.PEI Brochure-web-2013.pdf
Published Date: 07 November 2013
The past year was a critical one for the UNDP-UNEP PEI as the global network drew upon the results and lessons of the 2008–2012 scale-up phase to plot a way forward over the next five years to sustain and capitalize on the momentum gained in over 20 countries. The PEI Annual Progress Report 2012 provides evidence of progress made by a number of countries across four regions in advancing their plans and policies for pro-poor growth and environmental sustainability, thereby laying the foundation for inclusive greener economies. It also highlights how PEI serves as a sturdy framework for putting Rio+20 outcomes into practice. In 2012, PEI successfully supported countries in transforming their institutions, as is documented throughout this progress report.Annual_Report_2012.pdf
Published Date: 24 June 2013
The PEI Stories of Change is a small booklet capturing the PEI experiences of various stakeholders ranging from the government to vulnerable groups in Bangladesh, Lao PDR, Malawi, Tajikistan and Uruguay. The booklet includes the chapters; Bangladesh pioneers new ‘climate change accounts’ to reveal the real cost of adaptation; Lao PDR new rulebook for foreign investment in natural resources boosts local benefits; Malawi changes course after analysing the real costs and benefits of policy choices; Tajikistan overhauls their whole planning process with the ‘triple bottom line’; Sharing the waste, sharing the wealth: Uruguay uses the law to catalyse the transition to an inclusive green economy; and the global story the architects of change.PEI Stories of Change - English PEI Stories of Change - Spanish PEI Stories of Change - Russian PEI Stories of Change - French
What drives institutions to adopt integrated development approaches? The poverty-environment nexus and analysis of country evidence from the Poverty-Environment InitiativePublished Date: 01 June 2012
The 2010 evaluation of UNDP Contribution to Environmental Management for Poverty Reduction: The Poverty-Environment Nexus recommended that UNDP should learn from the lessons of the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) as it represents good practice and serves as a model of how UNDP, in partnership with other UN agencies, can integrate poverty and environmental priorities at the country level. The paper synthesizes lessons learned from the PEI approach and its focus on the institutional framework for planning, budgeting and reporting through working with key coordinating ministries. The lessons show that although development contexts and institutional structures vary, there are certain principles that help make institutions more capable to drive change towards more socially and environmentally inclusive outcomes. (www.undp.org)What_drives_institutions_to_adopt_integrated_development_approaches.pdf
Published Date: 01 October 2011
The Annual Progress Report 2010 covers the contineous impact that PEI country programmes have had over the past several years and the progress made in expanding, operationalising and implementing the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative. The Report 2010 presents an overview of progress made at country, regional and global level, details the collaboration between the two host organizations on poverty-environment mainstreaming, looks at opportunities and challenges and reflects the increased focus on good practices and improvements on monitoring and evaluation.Executive Summary PEI Annual Progress Report 2010_full report.pdf
Enabling local success: A Primer on Mainstreaming Local Ecosystem-Based Solutions to Poverty-Environment Challenges, October 2011Published Date: 01 October 2011
This primer assembles current knowledge and illustrative case materials on the benefits of and enabling conditions for local ecosystem-based initiatives. It documents how nature-focused activities and enterprises originated and executed by local actors, can sustain ecosystems and improve the livelihoods and well-being of the rural poor. The primer is designed to help PEI practitioners and others engaged in the mainstreaming challenge communicate to policy makers the positive poverty and environmental outcomes that can result at the local level when environmental mainstreaming efforts at the national and sectoral levels succeed.Local Primer final low res.pdf
Published Date: 01 June 2011
The year 2011 has been a critical one in accomplishing the transition from making the case for the integration of poverty-environment objectives into key development issues and actually making this integration happen. During this transition, there has been a level of maturity in PEI country programmes attributable to the combination of political, economic, environmental, institutional and social transformations supported by PEI and contributing to positive change. This report highlights many of the successes and some of the challenges faced this year in bringing about this change.Download Report
Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning: A Guide for Practitioners, May 2011Published Date: 01 May 2011
This guide provides practical, step-by-step guidance on how governments and other national actors can mainstream climate change adaptation into development planning as part of broader mainstreaming efforts. The guide draws on substantial experience and lessons learned by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative in working with governments to integrate environmental management for pro-poor economic growth and development into national development planning and decision-making.Guide
Managing Private Investment in Natural Resources: A Primer for Pro-Poor Growth and Environmental Sustainability, February 2011Published Date: 01 February 2011
This primer seeks to provide practical advice on how host countries can manage FDI inflows to encourage pro-poor, environmentally sustainable development. It is aimed at public decision makers in developing countries dealing with FDI, particularly officials in investment boards, investment promotion agencies and relevant ministries. The focus is on FDI in the primary sector, including agriculture, forestry and extractive industries—an area of growing interest among international investors and a sector of high economic significance for many developing countries.Primer
PEI Annual Progress Report 2009: "Scaling up the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative", July 2010Published Date: 01 July 2010
The PEI Annual Progress Report for 2009 has been produced by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Facility based in Nairobi, as part of the process of keeping key PEI stakeholders informed of progress and achievements. The 2009 UNDP-UNEP Annual Progress report covers two main areas of achievement: the contineous impact that PEI country programmes have had over the past several years and second, the progress made in expanding, operationalising and implementing the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative.English
Published Date: 01 February 2010
This discussion note is based on findings of a PEI Asia regional thematic workshop on "Local Government's role in environment, natural resource management and climate change (2009)". It identifies ways in which local governments can address climate change, both at the policy level and on the ground and outlines approaches for national governments, development agencies and civil society institutions to improve the performance of local governments in addressing climate change. The note was produced jointly by PEI Asia-Pacific and the United Nations Capital Development Fund.Description Note
Published Date: 01 January 2010
The UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative is continuously evaluating its support to countries and documenting lessons learned. Experience shows it that takes time and sustained effort to move poverty-environment concerns to the centre of development planning and action– but there are many stories of achievements. This brochure documents achievements at country level.English
Environmental Law in Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming: A Primer for Legislative Assessment and Reform, 2010Published Date: 01 January 2010
This primer provides guidance on mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages in national development planning and the potential role and importance of environmental law in this context. The primer is designed as a resource to help practitioners and government representatives to assess and, if appropriate, initiate legislative reform. The primer puts particular emphasis on laws governing the sustainable use and management of natural resources.Primer
PEI Annual Progress Report 2008: "Scaling up the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative", July 2009Published Date: 01 July 2009
PEI Annual Progress Report for 2008 has been produced by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Facility, based in Nairobi, as part of the process of keeping key PEI stakeholders - especially governments who provide financial support to PEI - informed of progress against intended results. The 2008 UNDP-UNEP Annual Progress report covers two main areas of achievement: first, the impact that PEI country programmes have had over the past several years against key targets; and second, the progress made in the expansion of the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative.English
Published Date: 01 January 2009
This handbook is designed to serve as a guide for champions and practitioners engaged in the task of mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages into national development planning. The handbook draws on a substantial body of experience at the country level and the many lessons learned by the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme in working with governments — especially ministries of planning, finance and environment — to support efforts to integrate the complex interrelationships between poverty reduction and improved environmental management into national planning and decision-making. Hard copies can be ordered through the Poverty Environment Facility.Vietnamese French English Spanish Portugese
Making the economic case: A primer on the economic arguments for mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages into national development planning, 2009Published Date: 01 January 2009
A major element of the PEI country work is to assist in "making the case" for integrating environmental management by using the argument that better environmental management contributes to poverty reduction, pro-poor growth and government finances. This new primer provides guidance on presenting evidence about the economic, development and poverty reduction benefits of the environment to public sector decision-makers, so as to justify and promote "environmental investment". Hard copies can be ordered through the Poverty Environment Facility.English French Spanish Русский Portugese
Published Date: 01 January 2009
Poverty-Environment Partnership (PEP) Publications
Getting to Zero: A Poverty, Environment and Climate Call to Action for the Sustainable Development GoalsPublished Date: 13 July 2016
The Poverty Environment Partnership joint paper, "Getting to Zero", calls for the mainstreaming of poverty, environment and climate issues at the heart of efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The paper proposes a "triple vision" of zero extreme poverty, zero net climate emissions, and zero net loss of natural assets, which can be achieved through
- increased empowerment and rights for women and men suffering extreme poverty,
- developing integrated, inclusive and transformative institutions,
- inclusive finance and business, and
- improving and aligning poverty, environment and climate messages, narratives and metrics to galvanize and measure progress toward achieving the SDGs.
Published Date: 13 February 2013
Published Date: 01 June 2008
Published Date: 01 September 2005
Poverty and Climate Change: Reducing the Vulnerability of the Poor through Adaptation, African DB, Asian DB, DFID, EC, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development - GermanyPublished Date: 01 January 2003
Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Development Cooperation - The Netherlands, OECD, UNDP, UNEP, World Bank, 2003.Poverty-and-Climate-Change.pdf
Published Date: 10 April 2017
Environmental changes affect us all. However, these changes affect the lives of men and women in different ways due to existing gender dynamics and inequalities. In addition to gender, adverse impacts can also be compounded by factors such as age, geographical location, socio-economic conditions and other vulnerabilities. Varying roles and status within society can affect the coping strategies and choices women and men have available to them in becoming agents of change in sustainable development. UN Environment is committed to promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in the area of sustainable development. It is only through the full and meaningful participation of both women and men that the pressing environmental issues of our time be confronted.Gender_equality_and_the_environment_Guide_to_UNEPs_work-2016 (1).pdf
Published Date: 08 July 2014
Shifting to a green economy recognizes the value of nature for millions of people in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), now and in the future. Many are moving forward on a green growth agenda in the understanding that this development pathway offers the potential for sustainable economic development with more equitable sharing of the gains. Currently, there are a number of unique opportunities for the transition to a green economy. This report from WWF focuses on some signals of policy progress on this transition, barriers to progress, and recommendations for moving the agenda forward. The report highlights the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative’s support to countries in the GMS in conducting Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIR) as a tool to help countries review current climate and environment expenditures.Green Growth in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Published Date: 17 June 2014
The Delivering as One United Nations agenda aims at providing development assistance in a coordinated way at the country level, to ensure faster and more effective development operations, and accelerate progress to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. In the field of environment and sustainable development, UNDP and UNEP collaborate extensively together and with governments, NGOs and other UN agencies to support countries in achieving results that simultaneously promote human development and sound environmental management. This brochure provides examples of such UNDP and UNEP partnerships, including the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative.UNDP and UNEP support to environment and sustainable development as One UN
Published Date: 05 November 2013
This report highlights how the partnerships between countries in the South are contributing to a global paradigm shift. It provides a snapshot of a myriad of projects and activities that are sparking new concepts, financing, technology, standards and momentum for change. The report shows how countries and other actors are pursuing initiatives to green key sectors of the economy from agriculture and energy to manufacturing and waste while sharing their knowledge and experiences with others, so they can also reap the benefits as well. Chapter 6, 'Packaging for a greener future in Uruguay, Ecuador and Peru' focuses on how the Government of Uruguay introduced a new packaging law that successfully demonstrates the links between improved health, environment and jobs, with the support of PEI, and how similar initiatives now is being initiated across Latin America. Chapter 7, 'New technologies and incentives are fueling local economies' highlights the south-south exchange between Rwanda and three Asian countries - Lao PDR, Nepal and Thailand. The exchange focused on economic tools for poverty-environment mainstreaming, private sector development and poverty alleviation.
The challenges of environmental mainstreaming: Experience of integrating environment into development institutions and decisions, Barry Dalal-Clayton and Steve Bass, IIED 2009Published Date: 13 February 2009
The Challenges of Environmental Mainstreaming' is an initial synthesis of IIED's work with partners in 13 developing countries. It reviews the rapidly changing context and challenges to environmental mainstreaming, discusses what it takes to achieve effective mainstreaming, and provides a roadmap for selecting operational methods and tools. It explores the current emphasis on getting environmental issues reflected in key government processes – notably development plans, poverty reduction strategies and national budgets. It assesses the outcomes as well as the risks of limiting efforts to these core processes alone. It calls for more attention both 'upstream' and 'downstream' of these plans and strategies, identifying the advantages that can be gained through diverse media, business and civil society initiatives that assert environmental values in development.17504IIED.pdf
Published Date: 01 January 2008
The Economic Case for Investing in Environment - A Review of Policies, Practice and Impacts of relevance to Norwegian Partner Countries, NORAD, 2007Published Date: 01 January 2007
Published Date: 01 January 2005
Published Date: 01 January 2004
Status and Evolution of Environmental Priorities in the Poverty Reduction Strategies: An Assessment of Fifty Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Jan Bojö, Rama Chandra Reddy, Paper No. 93, World Bank, 2003Published Date: 01 January 2003
Status and Evolution of Environmental Priorities in the Poverty Reduction Strategies: An Assessment of Fifty Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Jan Bojö, Rama Chandra Reddy, Paper No. 93, World Bank, 2003 Status and Evolution of Environmental Priorities in the Poverty Reduction Strategies: An Assessment of Fifty Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Jan Bojö, Rama Chandra Reddy, Paper No. 93, World Bank, 2003Status-evolution-env-priorities-PRS.pdf