Demography (thousands): 42,749.4
Multi-dimensional Poverty index (%): 0.229
HDI Rank: 145
GDP per capita (US$): 1,507
Ecosystem dependent activities such as agriculture, fisheries, mining, forestry and tourism are the economic backbone of Kenya’s economy. At the same time, the rate of biodiversity loss has increased, water is chronically scarce and the forest cover is diminishing due to high dependence on biomass. Pollution as well as inadequate access to sanitation are further serious environmental and health related hazards.
To support the government in addressing these problems, PEI initiated the Kenya country programme in 2005. The programme focuses on supporting the acceleration of productivity and growth, through the mainstreaming of P-E links into the strategic planning processes and budgets. Thereby the country programme is contributing to the achievement of national development goals and the overall PEI Programme outputs.
PEI Kenya is implemented by the Ministry of Planning and National Development(MPND) in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MENR and the Ministry of Finance. In addition various sector ministries such as Forestry and Wildlife Local Government, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries as well as the National Environment Management Authority, the MDGs Unit and the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics are involved in the project implementation. PEI Kenya is also closely collaborating with the UNDP CO and is part of the One-UN processes under the UNRC in Kenya.
- Strengthened understanding of the poverty-environment nexus and capacity in using economic valuation of environmental and natural resources among the ministries, institutions and other stakeholders as a result of the numerous poverty-environment studies carried out with PEI support. An indicator of this is that PEI’s contribution was sought in the Vision 2030 process.
- Improved capacity for mainstreaming reflected by that the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources’ environment policy reflects cross-sector poverty-environment linkages and implementation strategies including enhanced collaboration between the environment, finance and planning sector.
- Improved District Environment Action Plans and District Development Plans raises the profile of environmental services, natural resource management and cross-sector planning in the district planning processes.
- PEI supported the development of Kenya’s first ever national environment policy: the first National Policy on Environment, which includes a section highlighting P-E linkages and is expected to facilitate their integration into sectoral policies, plans and strategies.
Understanding the government, political and institutional context
- Kenya Poverty-Environment Initiative Phase I 2005-2006
- Kenya Poverty-Environment Initiative Phase 2 2007-2008
Influencing policy processes at national level - National poverty plans, strategies and p-e mainstreaming guidelines
- Policy Brief on Achieving the MDGs and Vision 2030 through Sustainable Development, Republic of Kenya, Ministry for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, 2010
- Making the connection: Economic Growth, Poverty and the Environment, Briefing paper, 2007
- Process of Developing a National Environment Policy for Kenya, Brochure, 2007
Influencing policy processes at sub-national level
- District Environment Action Plan, 2006-2011 – Meru South District, Murang’a District and Bondo District
- Poverty and Environment Issues: Governance Institutions, Institutional Frameworks and Opportunities for Communities, 2006, PEI/WWF
- Voices from the field: Bondo, Murang'a and Meru South districts, 2006, PEI/WWF:
Indicators and data collection
- Study on Poverty and Environment Indicators, January 2011, Republic of Kenya, Ministry of State for Planning, National Development & Vision 2030
- Study visit: Kenyan Delegation Learns from the Tanzanian Experience of Mainstreaming Environment, 11-15 September 2006
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