Country Profile: 

Demography (thousands):  42,749.4
Multi-dimensional Poverty index (%):  0.229
HDI Rank: 145
GDP per capita (US$): 1,507


Ecosystem dependent activities such as agriculture, fisheries, mining, forestry and tourism are the economic backbone of Kenya’s economy. At the same time, the rate of biodiversity loss has increased, water is chronically scarce and the forest cover is diminishing due to high dependence on biomass. Pollution as well as inadequate access to sanitation are further serious environmental and health related hazards.

To support the government in addressing these problems, PEI initiated the Kenya country programme in 2005. The programme focuses on supporting the acceleration of productivity and growth, through the mainstreaming of P-E links into the strategic planning processes and budgets. Thereby the country programme is contributing to the achievement of national development goals and the overall PEI Programme outputs. 

PEI Kenya is implemented by the Ministry of Planning and National Development(MPND) in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MENR and  the Ministry of Finance. In addition various sector ministries such as Forestry and Wildlife Local Government, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries as well as the National Environment Management Authority, the MDGs Unit and the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics are involved in the project implementation. PEI Kenya is also closely collaborating with the UNDP CO and is part of the One-UN processes under the UNRC in Kenya. 

  • Strengthened understanding of the poverty-environment nexus and capacity in using economic valuation of environmental and natural resources among the ministries, institutions and other stakeholders as a result of the numerous poverty-environment studies carried out with PEI support. An indicator of this is that PEI’s contribution was sought in the Vision 2030 process.
  • Enhanced collaboration between the environment, finance and planning sector for mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages resulting in that Kenya’s environment policy reflects cross-sector poverty-environment linkages.
  • Improved District Environment Action Plans and District Development Plans have raised the profile of environmental services, natural resource management and cross-sector planning in the district planning processes.
  • PEI supported the development of Kenya’s first National Policy on Environment, which includes a section highlighting P-E linkages and is expected to facilitate their integration into sectoral policies, plans and strategies.


Key Documents
Mainstreaming Resources: 
Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA)

An autonomous public institute providing quality public policy advice to the government of Kenya and private sector