Country Profile: 

Demography (thousands):  16,318.9
Multi-dimensional Poverty index (%):  0.558
HDI Rank: 182
GDP per capita (US$): 964


Mali’s economy relies heavily on the primary sector (agriculture, livestock, fisheries), which contributes to more than 44% of the GDP. However, the country faces numerous environmental constraints including low productivity and scarce rainfalls, which prevent the country from reaching its development goals. Strategies for how to address the issue exist but few adequately reflect P-E linkages.

The PEI country programme in Mali was initiated in 2005 to support the government in addressing these issues and promoting sustainable development. The country programme focuses on building government capacity to better include P-E objectives in national development planning processes. Thereby the country program is contributing to the achievement of national development goals and the overall PEI Programme outputs. 

PEI Mali is jointly led by The Ministry of Environment and Sanitation through the National Directorate for Conservation of Nature and the Ministry of Economy and Finance. PEI Mali is also closely collaborating with the UNDP CO. 

  • More than 90% of the third PRSP chapters that relate to natural resources use have been greened and the greening process is being embedded in national coordination mechanisms through the formation of a pool of national experts along with the elaboration of a methodological guide for policy greening processes. Moreover, legal arrangements for institutionalizing the use of a Strategic Environmental Assessment approach to green policy documents is being put in place.
  • Over 1,200 development actors have improved their knowledge and capacity in poverty-environment mainstreaming in Mali, effectively contributing to the institutionalization of the PRSP greening process and Strategic Environmental Assessment. Preliminary findings indicate strong government ownership and commitment reflected in over 90% “greened” sector policies.
  • Mali’s Ministry of Economy and Finance initiated in 2012 its first Public Environmental Expenditure Review in response to findings from an economic assessment supported by PEI that highlighted that it loses 21% of GDP due to unsustainable use of environment and natural resources.
  • National Institutes wish to further integrate poverty-environment objectives in national development processes reflected by an increasing number of requests from national development entities demanding PEI technical support and increased involvement of officials from the finance sector in the PEI Mali programme.
  • The government of Mali’s 2013 plan for sustainable recovery identifies integration of environmentalism into policies and strategies as one out of 12 priority themes for immediate support.
Key Documents

Influencing policy processes at sector level

Influencing policy processes at national level - Poverty Reduction Strategy Processes

Public expenditure reviews and green budgeting

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

Indicators and data collection

Understanding the governmental, political and institutional context

Economic Analysis

Study visits

Raising awareness, communications and building partnerships

Mainstreaming Resources: