Country Profile: 

Population (thousand) (2015): 8,481.86
Multidimensional Poverty Index Value (2015): 0.25
Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, Country Rank (2014): 163
Gross Domestic Product per capita, at Purchasing Price Parity (2015) (US$): 1,758.7


The PEI program in Tajikistan was initiated in 2010. In Tajikistan almost half of the population lives below the national poverty line; agriculture is the main employer with 60% of the total workforce directly employed and a further 20% dependent on the sector. Land degradation is a key factor leading to low agricultural productivity and low economic returns and incomes.

To support the government in addressing this issue and promoting sustainable development, the PEI Tajikistan programme focuses on enhancing the capacity of government and other stakeholders to integrate P-E linkages and sustainable pro-poor development objectives into planning and budgeting at regional and national level planning processes. Thereby the country programme is contributing to national development goals and the achievement of the overall PEI Programme outputs.

The programme is implemented by the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (MEDT), the Sughd Regional Government, civil society and the private sector. In addition GIZ and DFID are partners within the Rural Growth Programme.

  • The PEI Phase I was successful in supporting the mainstreaming of P-E and sustainability agenda as a cross cutting topic in the third mid-term development strategy, Living Standards Improvement Strategy (LSIS) of Tajikistan for 2013-2015, as well as the inclusion of a separate section on environmental protection.
  • Enhanced knowledge on the economic cost of land degradation associated with foregone production on degraded and unused agricultural land in terms of GDP and rural households’ unrealized benefits.
  • For the first time, representatives from the country’s Committee for Environmental Protection were given a place at the table to inform the regional economic plans.  As a result of the work, the Sughd regional development plan and all fourteen district plans address P-E issues. Almost 60% of the plans have fully integrated P-E recommendations for relevant sectors and 40% have a separate chapter on environment.
  • Thanks to the inclusion of poverty-environment tools in the national civil servant training curriculum government staff in other provinces planners around the country can now learn from the experiences in the Sughd region via a handbook that details in practical terms how to bring P-E into the planning process.
  • Environment and climate sustainability criteria were integrated into the design and application of the district Trust Funds/Rural Growth Programmes financial mechanism for DDP’s implementation. Local communities in Tajikistan were supported to identify ‘green’ products and services, which were then evaluated by representatives from the Committee for Environmental Protection. Today over 65 enterprises are supported by the regional trust fund mechanism (funded by DFID) that answer both environmental and poverty reduction criteria.  For example, through supporting microloan foundations that include P-E criteria for micro lending and the provision that at least 50% of the loans be targeted towards women-led initiatives. For the first time, women are taking an active role in local economic activity rather than relying exclusively on remittances from abroad.
  • Demonstrating improved capacity, the MEDT independently replicated the P-E mainstreaming approach in a further six districts and four municipalities. The national Statistical Agency has also now incorporated the indicators developed at the regional level into its database in order to continually track and monitor the new objectives. 
Key Documents

Influencing policy processes at sub-national level

Influencing policy processes at national level - Poverty Reduction Strategy Processes

Influencing policy processes at national level - National Poverty Plans and Strategies and Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming Guidelines

Public expenditure reviews and green budgeting

Economic Analysis

Understanding the governmental, political and institutional context

Raising awareness, communications and building partnerships

Mainstreaming Resources: