Demography (thousands): 7,078.8
Multidimensional Poverty Index (%): 0.068
HDI Rank: 125
GDP per capita (US$): 2,052
The PEI program in Tajikistan was initiated in 2010. In Tajikistan almost half of the population lives below the national poverty line; agriculture is the main employer with 60% of the total workforce directly employed and a further 20% dependent on the sector. Land degradation is a key factor leading to low agricultural productivity and low economic returns and incomes.
To support the government in addressing this issue and promoting sustainable development, the PEI Tajikistan programme focuses on enhancing the capacity of government and other stakeholders to integrate P-E linkages and sustainable pro-poor development objectives into planning and budgeting at regional and national level planning processes. Thereby the country programme is contributing to national development goals and the achievement of the overall PEI Programme outputs.
The programme is implemented by the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (MEDT), the Sughd Regional Government, civil society and the private sector. In addition GIZ and DFID are partners within the Rural Growth Programme.
- Tajikistan overhauls their whole planning process with the ‘triple bottom line: people, planet, profit’: Revised development plans, new indicators and practical guidelines are helping to drive investment towards new green enterprises in some of the poorest communities, proving that the PEI approach can jumpstart progress. In line with PEI’s strategy of working with existing institutional arrangements, the initiative partnered with the multi-donor Regional Development Programme supported by DFID to rework their development plans in the Sughd region.
- Enhanced knowledge on the economic cost of land degradation associated with foregone production on degraded and unused agricultural land in terms of GDP and rural households’ unrealized benefits.
- Thanks to the inclusion of poverty-environment tools in the national civil servant training curriculum government staff in other provinces planners around the country can now learn from the experiences in the Sughd region via a handbook that details in practical terms how to bring poverty-environment into the planning process.
- For the first time, representatives from the country’s environmental department (Committee for Environmental Protection) were given a place at the table to inform the regional economic plans. As a result of the work, the Sughd regional development plan and all fourteen district plans address poverty-environment issues. Almost 60% of the plans have fully integrated poverty-environment recommendations for relevant sectors and 40% have a separate chapter on environment.
- Environment and climate sustainability criteria were integrated into the design and application of the district Trust Funds/RGP financial mechanism for DDPs’ implementation. Local communities in Tajikistan were supported to identify ‘green’ products and services, which were then evaluated by representatives from the environmental department. Today over 65 enterprises are supported by the regional trust fund mechanism (funded by DFID) that answer both environmental and poverty reduction criteria. For example, through supporting microloan foundations that include poverty-environment criteria for micro lending and the provision that at least 50% of the loans be targeted towards women-led initiatives. For the first time, women are taking an active role in local economic activity rather than relying exclusively on remittances from abroad.
- Demonstrating improved capacity, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (MEDT) independently replicated the poverty-environment mainstreaming approach in a further six districts and four municipalities. The national statistics agency has also now incorporated the indicators developed at the regional level into its database in order to continually track and monitor the new objectives.
Understanding the governmental, political and institutional context
PEI programme document
- Programme document, May 2010- December 2012, Government of Tajikistan/Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative, May 2010
- PEI Tajikistan: Inception Report, 2011
Finding the entry points and making the case - Raising awareness, communications and building partnerships
- The Economic Cost of Agricultural Land Degradation in Tajikistan. Policy Brief: English, Russian and Tajik. Full Report: English, Russian, Tajik.
- UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative & CarNET Information Network: “Road to Copenhagen: Climate Change and Poverty in Central Asia”, outcomes of the regional e-discussion, October – December 2009 English, Russian.
Influencing policy processes at sub-national level