Country Profile: 

Demography (thousands):  16,318.9
Multi-dimensional Poverty index (%):  0.558
HDI Rank: 182
GDP per capita (US$): 964


Mali’s economy relies heavily on the primary sector (agriculture, livestock, fisheries), which contributes to more than 44% of the GDP. However, the country faces numerous environmental constraints including low productivity and scarce rainfalls, which prevent the country from reaching its development goals. Strategies for how to address the issue exist but few adequately reflect P-E linkages.

The PEI country programme in Mali was initiated to support the government in addressing these issues and promoting sustainable development. The country programme focuses on building government capacity to better include P-E objectives in national development planning processes. Thereby the country program is contributing to the achievement of national development goals and the overall PEI Programme outputs. 

PEI Mali is jointly led by The Ministry of Environment and Sanitation through the National Directorate for Conservation of Nature and the Ministry of Economy and Finance. PEI Mali is also closely collaborating with the UNDP CO. 

  • Approximately 95% of key sectoral policies relating to environment and natural resources (e.g. agriculture, health, mining, energy and transport) in the third CSCRP have been “greened” and the greening process is embedded in national coordination mechanisms through the formation of a pool of national experts along with the elaboration of a methodological guide for greening policy processes. Legal arrangements for institutionalizing the use of a strategic environmental assessment for “greening” policy documents are at an advanced stage.
  • A methodology guide on the use of results-based indicators, relating but not limited, to poverty-environment aspects, to populate the CSCRP database,  established to monitor and track progress towards the implementation of PRSP objectives, have been developed
  • The government of Mali’s plan for sustainable recovery identified the integration of environment into policies and strategies as one of the 12 priority themes for immediate support.  This was also mirrored in the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)
  • Over 1,200 individuals from national and sub-national government institutions and civil society have improved their knowledge and capacity for poverty-environment mainstreaming in Mali.
  • The Ministry of Economy and Finance included an annex on poverty-environment to the finance law with the aim to secure budgets assigned to poverty-environment objectives following findings from a PEI  supported economic assessment and Public Environment Expenditure Review (PEER). The economic assessment highlighted that natural resources and the environment contribute more than 40% to Mali’s GDP but conversely that the country loses 21% of its GDP every year due to unsustainable use of those resources. The PEER showed that despite the importance of environment and natural resources to the economy, the Ministry of Environment only receives 1% of the national budget and that budget allocations for environmental sustainability in general are irregular and unplanned.