Country Profile: 

Population (thousand) : 53,470.42
Multidimensional Poverty Index Value : 0.33
Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, Country Rank : 151
Gross Domestic Product per capita, at Purchasing Price Parity (US$): 2,667.3


Tanzania’s rich natural resources are fundamental for the country’s growth and economic development. However, the under utilization of the potential of the environment and natural resources to the economy and people’s livelihoods contributes to Tanzania standing as one of world’s poorest countries.

PEI initiated the country programme to support the government in addressing these issues and promoting sustainable development. The PEI Tanzania programme focuses on developing capabilities of key national institutions in designing and implementing pro-poor economic growth interventions and sustainable development.Thereby the country programme is contributing to national development plans (NDPs and UNDAP) as well and the achievement of the overall PEI Programme outputs. 

PEI Tanzania is jointly led by the President’s Office Planning Commission. In addition various sector ministries such as Finance, Regional Administration and Local Government, National Bureau of Statistics and Vice President’s Office–Division of Environmentare involved in the project implementation. PEI Tanzania is also closely collaborating with the University of Dar es Salaam and with the UNDP CO and is part of the One-UN processes under the UNRC.

  • Integration of poverty-environment linkages in key policies such as the Environmental Management Act (EMA), the FYDP, the MKUKUTA, Tanzania’s Post Development Agenda, the Millennium Development Goals Framework (MDGF) and the UNDAP.
  • Improved capacity of planning and finance agencies, sector ministries and private sector to make informed budget allocations and investment decisions to develop and manage natural resources sustainably for pro-poor development. As a result, the budgetary allocation for environment has increased following a Public Expenditure Review on poverty-environment linkages, and the Public Investment Plan and Budget Guidelines include P-E linkages. Additionally, the Prime Minister’s Office has used the PEI launched studies on environmental budgeting in three districts as best practices and has made this a requirement in other districts using public funds.   
  • The MKUKUTA includes ten poverty-environment indicators in its monitoring system facilitating tracking of progress vis a vis poverty-environment objectives across the country.  
  • The National Environment Research Agenda (NERA) was elaborated to focus on environmental issues and livelihoods, which, together with PEI newsletters and trainings on the application of environment management tools significantly enhanced awareness among government officials and civil society organizations on the contribution of environment to poverty reduction.


Mainstreaming Resources: 
National Environment Management Council
Prime Minister’s Office Regional Administration and Local Government
Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries
National Bureau of Statistics
University of Dar Es Salaam, Economics Department
Environment for Development Initiative (EfD) in Tanzania